Returning To Work
Many retirees choose to return to work in retirement. If work is part of your retirement plan, you should consider how that work may affect your retirement benefit. Returning to work outside the OPERS system will have no effect on your OPERS benefits. To begin the process of returning to work, you and your employer need to complete the Post Retirement Employment form (Form 515-117B). This informs OPERS of your beginning date of employment, original retirement date and whether you will receive your retirement benefits while working or waive them. If you return to work for an OPERS-participating employer, certain conditions apply:
Returning to work with the same employer
Pre-arranged employment prohibited
Returning to work with a different OPERS participating employer
Contributions and Service Credit
Those returning to work for a participating employer must participate in OPERS by paying contributions no matter how many hours they work or the nature of the work (temporary, seasonal, permanent, etc.). Retirees continue to accrue service credit while they work for a participating employer, and the additional credit may increase their retirement benefits.
Independent contractors do not participate in OPERS, but before a participating employer hires an OPERS retiree as an independent contractor, they must submit a copy of that contract to OPERS for review. The determination of whether or not an employee is an independent contractor for the purpose of participation in OPERS will be made solely by OPERS.
Upon returning to work, the retiree must complete a form entitled Post-Retirement Employment and choose either to (1) continue receiving retirement benefits, or (2) waive the receipt of benefits while employed. The rules governing retirees returning to work are addressed below.
Receiving OPERS Benefits While Working
The federal earnings limitation applies only to OPERS retirees who meet both of the following conditions:
- The retiree returns to work for an OPERS participating employer; and,
- The retiree is younger than full, normal retirement age set by the Social Security Administration (SSA).
The 2023 earnings limitation is applied in the following manner:
- If you will not reach the SSA normal retirement age in 2023, you can earn $21,240 with an OPERS participating employer.
- If you will reach the SSA normal retirement age in 2023, you will be able to earn $56,520.
- Once you reach the full SSA normal retirement age, there is no limit on earnings. The chart below provides your Social Security normal retirement age based on the year you were born.
|Social Security – Normal Retirement Age|
|Year of Birth||Age|
|1937 and prior||65|
|1938||65 and 2 months|
|1939||65 and 4 months|
|1940||65 and 6 months|
|1941||65 and 8 months|
|1942||65 and 10 months|
|1955||66 and 2 months|
|1956||66 and 4 months|
|1957||66 and 6 months|
|1958||66 and 8 months|
|1959||66 and 10 months|
|1960 and after||67|
|Note: Persons born on January 1 of any year should refer to the normal retirement age of the previous year.|
If you exceed your earnings limit during the calendar year, your benefit will stop for the remainder of that year. You may resume those benefits when the new calendar year begins, and you will have a new earnings limit. Be aware that wages will fall under the calendar year in which the paycheck is issued, regardless of when the wages were earned. For example:
- If you work in December but are not issued a check for that work until January, those earnings would fall under your earnings for the new year.
By state law, the earnings limitations for retirees that have returned to work with an OPERS participating employer are linked to the amounts allowable as wages or earnings by the Social Security Administration in any calendar year. The information above is based upon the amounts established by the Social Security Administration. The full retirement age will increase over time.
Increase in Benefits
Waiving OPERS Benefits While Working
A retiree can decide to stop receiving his or her retirement benefits completely while employed with a participating OPERS employer. In such a case, no earnings limitations apply, and the retiree may retire for a second time after accruing the equivalent of 36 consecutive months of full-time service credit (6,228 hours). All the retiree’s service credit (before and after retirement) and final average salary will be recalculated based upon the law governing this System at the time of the retiree’s second retirement. When the retiree retires the second time, he or she may also reselect a retirement option.
Retirees who return to work and waive their benefits but do not work the 36 months required to re-retire are entitled to have their benefits increased under the method used for retirees who received benefits while working.
IMPORTANT: Members selecting the Medicare Gap Benefit Option may not waive benefits and retire a second time.